Women and Work in Early America From the late colonial
period through the American Revolution, women's work usually
centred on the home, but romanticizing this role as the Domestic
Sphere came in the early 19th century. An article by Jone
Johnson Lewis, Women's History Guide
Women in America: Occupations Travellers to America in
1820-1842 describe women's occupations, providing insight into
the status and roles of women.
and Finance in the Early National U.S. An extensive survey
by Robert E. Wright, U. of Virginia, on women as business
owners, loan recipients, investors or otherwise involved in
financial issues and the workforce in the United States in the
late 18th and early 19th centuries.
Woman's right to labor, or, Low wages and hard work Caroline
Wells Healey Dall's 1859 lectures on women and work. Graphic
original facsimile format for the pages. Requires patience to
The Long Road to Suffrage From Seneca Falls to the 1920s: a
concise but well linked overview of the woman suffrage movement.
Political Culture and Imagery of American Woman Suffrage
Virtual National Museum of Women's History with an extensive
narrative of the suffrage movement illustrated with images.
Hundred Years toward Suffrage: An Overview to 1923 Compiled
by E. Susan Barber with additions by Barbara Orbach Natanson.
Extensive timeline from
American Woman Suffrage Association
Susan B. Anthony From about.com One of the best-known
campaigners in the international and American suffrage
movement. Includes many additional links.
Suffrage History & Biographies from
the Susan B Anthony Center for Women's Leadership at the
University of Rochester.
2. Early Strategy
Links to document supported articles from Spartacus
Educational on: Campaigners for Women's Rights; Women Artists
and the Campaign; Campaigning Organizations and Male Supporters
of Women Suffrage
Songs and Verses Pro-suffrage poems from Charlotte Perkins
Suffrage Strategy, NAWSA, 1901 Report on the
convention of the NAWSA and its attempts to better organize the
The South and Woman Suffrage Address by Belle Kearney,
Mississippi's famous orator, to the NAWSA Convention, New
Orleans, Louisiana, 1903
Considering Woman Suffrage A Life editorial from 1905
considering woman suffrage from both sides, plus its conclusion.
To the Teachers of Wisconsin An essay, circa 1912, arguing
that teachers, who educate male students to cast ballots, ought
to themselves be allowed to vote. includes many other
3. Tactics & actions, 1913-20
history & Images
Alice Paul's Fight for Suffrage
history site for middle school students, an article and reading
list about the last years of the American struggle to win the
vote for women.
- 1913 Inauguration Disrupted by Parade and Attacks An article
Johnson Lewis, Women's History Guide, of women
demonstrations at 1913 inauguration. Well linked.
Suffragists' Storm Over Washington Wartime Washington dealt
brutally with imprisoned suffragists who dared picket the White
House for the right to vote in 1917. William and Mary Lavender,
American History magazine, describe events
National Woman's Party An article on the split from the
National American Women's Suffrage Association, led by Alice
Paul, emphasizing the history of the Texas branch which was
founded in 1916.
New York City Campaign A factual history of the 1915 and
1917 suffrage campaigns (with statistics) in New York City. UCLA
-no authorship credited
NAWSA Convention, 1917 On the change of focus in the middle
of World War
What lobbying tactics did suffragists use to obtain
Congressional approval of a Woman Suffrage Amendment to the U.S.
Constitution, 1917-1920? Well supported introductory
article § (from
Social Movements in the United States, 1600-2000.
Unfortunately this site has made most articles & sources
subscription only. Hence the Wayback links here)
Women Suffragists and Partisan Politics, New York, 1919-1926
Well supported introductory article from
Social Movements in the United States, 1600-2000
Social Movements in the United States, 1600-2000.
Unfortunately this has made most articles & sources subscription
only. Hence the Wayback links here)
August 26, 1920: The End of the Battle Finally, the long
battle for the vote for women was won when a young legislator
voted as his mother urged him to vote. An about.com
Woman Suffrage and the 19th Amendment From the US National
Archive Teaching With Documents site. Useful. Includes:
Nineteenth Amendment A reproduction of the actual signed
19th Amendment, with a very brief outline of the struggle to win
the vote for women.
Addams, Jane: Why Women Should Vote A 1915 suffrage pamphlet
authored by the social reformer and settlement house founder,
Jane Addams. Modern History Source Book
Suffragists Lose Fight in the House: 1915 A reprint of the
New York Times article (with text transcribed) January 12, 1915,
detailing the loss of the suffrage amendment in the United
States Congress. Includes statements from those who opposed the
suffrage amendment and extended comments by Christabel
Why Women Should Vote: Historical Perspective An editorial
from the Hearst Newspapers, written by Arthur Brisbane. Not
dated, but probably about 1917.
Jailed for Freedom extract from (1920), Doris Stevens,
Jailed for Freedom, when she remembers spending time in jail
with Alice Paul.
Men on US women campaigners
Voices of 1920 Heard Today From the 1920s to the 1970s to
today. Interviews edited by Jone Johnson Lewis. Extensive
archive of oral history from some of the women who made history
happen, winning the 19th Amendment in 1920.
4. The Suffrage movement and African Americans
the casahistoria Women's History sub-sites:
Early Women's history: Pre
Women's History | Medieval Women |
17th & 18th century | Witches and
19c - Industrialisation &
(a) Great Britain: Social position | Work
| Emancipation movements
(b) USA: Work | Emancipation movements |
Suffrage Movement in Gt Britain
Suffrage Movement in the USA
Women in Totalitarian States:
Fascist Italy |
20th century: the impact
Women & Modern War |
Women in Art & Science |
Women in the Developing World | Women's
Issues | Girls and Education