Britain, Society & the Vote A
National Archive site. Well
set out introduction which places the campaign for the vote in a
wider, global context.
The Suffrage Cause Good teaching and learning unit for a
detailed overview. Well explained and clear didactic layout as
in AS textbook. From Oscail: Irish Adult Distanced
learning Centre (Do not forget: at the time of the women's
suffrage movement, the present republic of Ireland was part of
the United Kingdom) As it says: "The aim of this unit is to
examine the campaign by women to win the vote, and to
investigate the objectives of different suffrage groups."
1. The 19th century background
Emmeline Pankhurst - British Suffrage Leader A biography of
Emmeline Pankhurst, British suffrage leader.
Emmeline Pankhurst Quotations About Guide to Women's
History, a few quotations from Emmeline Pankhurst.
Emmeline Goulden Pankhurst (1858 - 1928) Concise bio from
BBC Historic Figures series
- Deeds, not Words New Statesman article by Kathryn Hughes,
(April 2005) about Emmeline Pankhurst, showing how she put votes
for women on to the national agenda.
Pankhurst: a biographical interpretation by J Purvis,
University of Portsmouth, United Kingdom. This article examines
a dominant narrative about, Emmeline Pankhurst in which Sylvia
portrays her mother as a traitor to the socialist cause, a
leader who deliberately encouraged wealthy Conservative women to
join the WSPU and who failed to mobilise the working classes, a
misguided autocrat who supported a single-issue campaign, a weak
woman easily swayed by her eldest daughter, Christabel, and a
failed mother who neglected her less favoured children, Harry,
Adela and Sylvia.
“pair of … infernal queens”? As women-identified women,
Emmeline and Christabel Pankhurst were forerunners of some of
the ideas articulated by radical feminists in the Second Wave of
feminism in the West in the 1970s. In this article, this theme
is illustrated through focusing on two key areas – the
world-view of the Pankhurst women and their style of leadership.
By June Purvis, University of Portsmouth.
Emmeline Pankhurst: Militant Suffragist, 1913 Pankhurst
speaks to American men and women about her experience in England
struggling for women's vote. From
Modern History Source Book
Emmeline Pankhurst: My Own Story, 1914 Pankhurst, a key
English leader of the Woman Suffrage movement, with a personal
view of the history of that movement. From
Modern History Source Book
Sylvia Pankhurst Reader "Suffragette style" Looks at
writings and ideas of Sylvia P. Good article for quick
reference. By Jane Elderton, International Socialism Journal,
Pankhurst BBC audio report (about 10mins). A look at the
activist's life in Africa. A fierce socialist and
internationalist, as well as suffragist, she became involved in
the Ethiopian cause in 1936, after the Italian invasion. In
1956, she moved to Ethiopia with her son Richard and his wife
Rita. And it's there - in Addis Addiba - that she's buried.
Thembi Mutch went to meet her family who still live there, and
find out more about her life in Africa.
3. Legislation &
- Parliamentary Reform Acts From Spartacus:
Political Movements & Pressure groups from Spartacus:
Race and Gender Excellent article based on the Sylvia
Pankhurst Memorial Lecture given September 2003 in Sheffield.
Looks at the role of Sylvia in making the movement a mass one.
However, does more than that: provides a clear overview of
tactics, policies to a wide range of issues. By Prof Mary Davies
Effect of Militancy In the British Suffragette Movement by
Marcie Kligman. Complex article from the Welsh Communist party
site. Well cited.
Men on British women
The Suffragettes Women and Parliament 1884-1945. Facsimile
documents from the United Kingdom Parliament site. From the same
site see also:
Letters of Militant Suffragettes A wealth of documents, but
needs patience (letters are emailed to you). Good for serious
4. The Campaign
history of the suffragettes By Dominic Casciani BBC News
The suffragettes Two short articles by the historian Diane
Atkinson from the PBS Great War background series
Daily Express’ Reporting of Suffragette Crime 1913, long
essay by Sadie Clifford, Sheffield University. The focus here is
on the semantics of spin - the use of language by the Express to
put over a view. Complex.
places, public spaces: suffragette shops and the public sphere
John Mercer. PhD piece, looks at the significance of suffrage
Sean Lang on why the campaign failed before 1914 Hosted on
school site from johndclare.net. Looks at Votes for Women in
very structured way. Many subsidiary links in the format of the
current guided learning UK style textbooks with each section
having a basic outline narrative text, then documents and
exercises. (includes the exercises used by the school - good
practice). Worthwhile as a basic starter for structure
Suffragists Lose Fight in the House: 1915 A reprint of the
New York Times article (with text transcribed) January 12, 1915,
detailing the loss of the suffrage amendment in the United
States Congress. Includes statements from those who opposed the
suffrage amendment and extended comments by Christabel
Sylvia Pankhurst and the
East End Suffragettes Interesting
article from "Workers Power" site, arguing the importance of the
female working class as opposed to the middle class politics of
Pankhurst et al.
role of working class women in the campaign for the vote.
here to listen to BBC Woman's Hour report on the
suffragettes. BBC programme to mark the 100th anniversary of the
Women's Social and Political Union. Needs RealPlayer
Spy Pictures of Suffragettes Revealed Photos uncovered by
the National Archives show how the police spied on the
suffragettes. These covert images are perhaps the UK's first spy
- BBC Kent suffragette campaigns:
Scotland's forgotten sisters Scotsman article on the
Scottish Suffragette movement
Articulate and Definite Cry for Political Freedom’: the
Ulster suffrage movement Diane Urquhart, University of
Liverpool, United Kingdom. This article analyses the development
of the Ulster suffrage movement and assesses the impact of the
third Irish home rule crisis of 1912-14 on the much lauded,
although always tenuous, unity of Irish suffragism. Specialised
but highlights the the role of the Ulster movement.
Girls: The untold story of the suffragettes BBC audio report
(about 10mins). Stories re-discovered and told in full for
the first time by Jill Liddington in her new book 'Rebel Girls'
5. World War 1 and Women
Women and war for document supported narrative from
Spartacus. Very comprehensive on personalities
and Employment on the Home Front During World War One
Women and the Military during World War One by Professor
Joanna Bourke from the BBC
Women's contribution to the War Articles by the historian
Gayle Braybon from the PBS Great War background series
Women of World War I extracts from the book "War and
Gender" by Professor Joshua S. Goldstein. Looks at UK, USA and
Russian women in war
Mobilising Women in Great Britain. You need to enter '36' in
the "Turn to Page" box to go to the Great Britain Chapter from
Mobilizing woman-power by Harriet Stanton Blatch, 1918. This
book (the entire book is available here) emphasizes the
importance of women's contributions to World War I. It helps
demonstrate the link British and American suffragists were
making between wartime sacrifice and women's disenfranchisement.
There is an interesting foreword by Theodore Roosevelt, which
reveals his position on woman suffrage.
Sisters at War In 1914, the Pankhursts put aside the
suffragette struggle for a new campaign - the Great War. But now
they were divided, between those who were in favour of it and
those against. In this extract Paul Foot describes the
culmination of the fight for votes for women (February 2005, The
Pankhursts and the War: suffrage magazines and First World War
propaganda (Be patient, takes time to load this
pdf....) Explores the literary response of the Pankhursts and
their associates to the War, contrasting the patriotic zeal of
Britannia with the radicalism of The Dreadnought,
asking how these New Women used the press to win support for
their various ideas. What devices did they employ and how
successfully were they received by their contemporary readers?
By Angela K Smith, University of Plymouth, Exmouth, United
The legacy of the Suffragettes BBC article to mark the 100th
anniversary of the Women's Social and Political Union, better
known as the Suffragettes. Contains audio interviews with
academics and veteran campaigners and programmes.
the casahistoria Women's History sub-sites:
history: Pre industrial Revolution
Women's history | Medieval Women | 17th & 18th century |
Witches & Witchcraft
Industrialisation & Emancipation
Britain: Social position | Work | Emancipation movements
(b) USA: Work | Emancipation
movements | African-american women
Suffrage Movement in Gt Britain
Movement in the USA
Women in Totalitarian States:
Fascist Italy | Communist
20th century: the impact
Women & Modern War |
Women in Art & Science | Women & Modern War | Women in Art &
Women in the Developing World | Women's
Issues | Girls and Education