women's suffrage: links to the history of votes for women in great britain   

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Browse down the page or just click one of these sections.... 
 
  1. 19th century background   
  2. Biographies
   
  3.
Legislation
Political movements | Policies | Documents | Men's views
  4. The Campaign   
  5. World War 1 

     Suffrage Movement in the USA

  
     
Our other core Women's History sub-sites:
 
 Pre industrial Revolution
Researching Women's history | Medieval Women | 17th & 18th century | Witches & Witchcraft
19c - Industrialisation & Emancipation
(a) Great Britain: Social position | Work | Emancipation movements
(b) USA: Work | Emancipation movements | African-american women
Suffrage Movement in the USA
Women in Totalitarian States:
Stalin's Russia | Nazi Germany | Fascist Italy Communist China
20th century: the impact
Women & Modern War | Women in Art & Science | Women in the Developing World | Women's Issues | Girls and Education


 

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Overview    
  
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  • Britain, Society & the Vote A National Archive site. Well set out introduction which places the campaign for the vote in a wider, global context.
  • The Suffrage Cause Good teaching and learning unit for a detailed overview. Well explained and clear didactic layout as in AS textbook.  From Oscail: Irish Adult Distanced learning Centre (Do not forget: at the time of the women's suffrage movement, the present republic of Ireland was part of the United Kingdom) As it says: "The aim of this unit is to examine the campaign by women to win the vote, and to investigate the objectives of different suffrage groups." 


 

  

 

 



1. The 19th century background

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Go to casahistoria 19th century Women: Great Britain page for extensive links to the 19th century context.







  




2. Biographies


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Pankhursts  
  • Emmeline Pankhurst - British Suffrage Leader A biography of Emmeline Pankhurst, British suffrage leader.
  • Emmeline Pankhurst Quotations About Guide to Women's History, a few quotations from Emmeline Pankhurst.
  • Emmeline Goulden Pankhurst (1858 - 1928) Concise bio from BBC Historic Figures series
  • Deeds, not Words New Statesman article by Kathryn Hughes, (April 2005) about Emmeline Pankhurst, showing how she put votes for women on to the national agenda. 
  • Emmeline Pankhurst: a biographical interpretation by J Purvis, University of Portsmouth, United Kingdom. This article examines a dominant narrative about, Emmeline Pankhurst in which Sylvia portrays her mother as a traitor to the socialist cause, a leader who deliberately encouraged wealthy Conservative women to join the WSPU and who failed to mobilise the working classes, a misguided autocrat who supported a single-issue campaign, a weak woman easily swayed by her eldest daughter, Christabel, and a failed mother who neglected her less favoured children, Harry, Adela and Sylvia.
  • A “pair of … infernal queens”?  As women-identified women, Emmeline and Christabel Pankhurst were forerunners of some of the ideas articulated by radical feminists in the Second Wave of feminism in the West in the 1970s. In this article, this theme is illustrated through focusing on two key areas – the world-view of the Pankhurst women and their style of leadership. By June Purvis, University of Portsmouth.
  • Emmeline Pankhurst: Militant Suffragist, 1913 Pankhurst speaks to American men and women about her experience in England struggling for women's vote. From  Modern History Source Book
  • Emmeline Pankhurst: My Own Story, 1914 Pankhurst, a key English leader of the Woman Suffrage movement, with a personal view of the history of that movement. From  Modern History Source Book
  • Sylvia Pankhurst Reader "Suffragette style"  Looks at writings and ideas of Sylvia P.  Good article for quick reference. By Jane Elderton, International Socialism Journal, 1994.
  • Sylvia Pankhurst  BBC audio report (about 10mins). A look at the activist's life in Africa. A fierce socialist and internationalist, as well as suffragist, she became involved in the Ethiopian cause in 1936, after the Italian invasion. In 1956, she moved to Ethiopia with her son Richard and his wife Rita. And it's there - in Addis Addiba - that she's buried. Thembi Mutch went to meet her family who still live there, and find out more about her life in Africa.






  




3. Legislation & Political Movements 

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Policies 
  • Class, Race and Gender Excellent article based on the Sylvia Pankhurst Memorial Lecture given September 2003 in Sheffield. Looks at the role of Sylvia in making the movement a mass one. However, does more than that: provides a clear overview of tactics, policies to a wide range of issues. By Prof Mary Davies
  • The Effect of Militancy In the British Suffragette Movement by Marcie Kligman. Complex article from the Welsh Communist party site. Well cited.
Documents  Men on British women campaigners  





  




4. The Campaign
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5. World War 1 and Women


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  • Women and war for document supported narrative from Spartacus. Very comprehensive on personalities
  • Women and Employment on the Home Front During World War One  and also Women and the Military during World War One by Professor Joanna Bourke from the BBC
  • Women's contribution to the War Articles by the historian Gayle Braybon from the PBS Great War background series
  • The Women of World War I  extracts from the book "War and Gender" by Professor Joshua S. Goldstein. Looks at UK, USA and Russian women in war
  • Mobilising Women in Great Britain. You need to enter '36' in the "Turn to Page" box to go to the Great Britain Chapter from Mobilizing woman-power by Harriet Stanton Blatch, 1918. This book (the entire book is available here) emphasizes the importance of women's contributions to World War I. It helps demonstrate the link British and American suffragists were making between wartime sacrifice and women's disenfranchisement. There is an interesting foreword by Theodore Roosevelt, which reveals his position on woman suffrage.
  • Sisters at War In 1914, the Pankhursts put aside the suffragette struggle for a new campaign - the Great War. But now they were divided, between those who were in favour of it and those against. In this extract Paul Foot describes the culmination of the fight for votes for women (February 2005, The Guardian)
  • The Pankhursts and the War: suffrage magazines and First World War propaganda  (Be patient, takes time to load this pdf....) Explores the literary response of the Pankhursts and their associates to the War, contrasting the patriotic zeal of Britannia with the radicalism of The Dreadnought, asking how these New Women used the press to win support for their various ideas. What devices did they employ and how successfully were they received by their contemporary readers? By Angela K Smith, University of Plymouth, Exmouth, United Kingdom.
  • The legacy of the Suffragettes BBC article to mark the 100th anniversary of the Women's Social and Political Union, better known as the Suffragettes. Contains audio interviews with academics and veteran campaigners and programmes.



  Women's Suffrage in the USA Go to this casahistoria site for links to the history of the US women’s suffrage movement 







  







the casahistoria Women's History sub-sites:
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Early Women's history: Pre industrial Revolution
Researching Women's history | Medieval Women | 17th & 18th century | Witches & Witchcraft
19c - Industrialisation & Emancipation
(a) Great Britain: Social position | Work | Emancipation movements
(b) USA: Work | Emancipation movements | African-american women
Suffrage Movement in Gt Britain
Suffrage Movement in the USA
Women in Totalitarian States:
Stalin's Russia | Nazi Germany | Fascist Italy |  Communist China
20th century: the impact
Women & Modern War | Women in Art & Science | Women & Modern War | Women in Art & Science | Women in the Developing World | Women's Issues | Girls and Education




 

  



 
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