2. Colonial Uruguay
The Missions (North east
Argentina, Paraguay, Uruguay, southern Brazil)
Spanish Missions in the Lowlands Regions of South America
Thorough visual and graphical presentation of the Jesuit
missions of the Uruguay/ Brazil/ Argentina/ Paraguay region.
Very clear. By R H Jackson. Powerpoint pdf file.
The Jesuit Missions of Paraguay, Argentina, and Brazil
Plans, pictures, population data, brief textual outlines. Very
thorough, set out by modern country. By R H Jackson. Powerpoint
Sao Lourenco Martir Sao Lourenco Martir Jesuit Mission to the
Guarani Survey of the San Lorenzo Mission in modern day
Argentina. R H Jackson introduces this powerpoint with: " In the
1680s, the Jesuits returned to the territory east of the Uruguay
River, and eventually moved/established seven missions in the
region. Two, San Juan Bautista and San Lorenzo, were established
with Guarani populations from existing missions. The Portuguese
establishment of Colonia do Sacramento near Buenos Aires in the
Banda Oriente prompted the return to the disputed borderlands".
Illustrated with contemporary pictures, modern images and data.
Pdf file Click for an even
- San Lorenzo Martir: A Jesuit
Mission in the Service of Spanish Policy Essay by R H
Jackson relating the Mission to the area around Colonia and
rivalry with the Portuguese.
- The Population of San Lorenzo
Martir Mission, 1690-1827 This RH Jackson essay examines the
evolution of the population of San Lorenzo Martir mission,
established at a site east of the Uruguay River in 1690, and the
consequences of the Guarani living on the mission of a series of
mortality crises in the Jesuit missions of Paraguay between 1730
and 1740 that is well documented in contemporary censuses
San Miguel Mission to the Guarani By R H Jackson. Thorough
visual and graphical presentation. Very clear. Powerpoint pdf
of Independence See also the
Americas site to place the Argentine wars in their continental context.
José Gervasio Artigas About.com article, well linked to
introductory articles on the other liberators by Bonnie Hamre.
José Artigas Biography of José Gervacio Artigas from
Argentina's Clarin newspaper
Artiguista Información histórica sobre el General José
Gervasio Artigas. Detailed account of his life and work. in
José Gervacio Artigas Concise but worthy bio from the
Cambridge History of Latin American Literature by Roberto
González Echevarría, Enrique Pupo-Walker
4. War and
The Triple Alliance War
Meat Processing: Corned beef
6. 20th century
For more on the nazi involvement in this part of
latin America see the casahistoria site
Perόn & the Nazi's
Unrest and terrorism
The background: the
- For general political background to this section: US Library
of Congress Country Study sections (up to 1990) on:
Military Regime in Uruguay (1973 - 1985) Brief illustrated
account by left wing author - but turn off the sound!
General Lber Seregni Obituary from UK Guardian of an unusual
figure in Latin American politics: an army general who became a
hero of the left. He stood for President of Uruguay for a
left-wing coalition in 1971, was arrested when the military took
power two years later, and spent most of the next decade in
prison becoming a powerful symbol of resistance to the
conservative military regimes that dominated the continent.
Military Regimes For casahistoria links to the military
regimes of other Latin American states at this time
Uruguay & Operation Condor
Church Cowed by Uruguayan Military 1977 detailed article on
how the regime repressed the Catholic Church in Uruguay by Penny
Lernoux, Latin American correspondent for The Nation.For more
from the authors "Cry of the People -The struggle for human
rights in Latin America and the Catholic Church in conflict with
US policy", click
Servicio Paz y Justicia
(SERPAJ), Uruguay (Slow to load) site dedicated to Uruguayan
Collective Memories of the Trauma of Political Disappearance:
Reflections on the Case of the Disappeared Political Detainees
in the Aftermath of Uruguay’s State Terror (1985-2001)"
Research article prepared for conference presentation. Looks at
impact of repression in Uruguay. By Gabriela Fried, California
State University Los Angeles.
Human Rights Watch page for recent updates on the legal moves to
bring the military regime perpetrators to justice go to this
page. Very useful links to current articles from newspapers
Uruguayan Peace Commission Examines progress towards
following through on the repression of the military period.
Contains useful historical intro.
8. Modern Uruguay
For current developments to the
national history themes: