latin america: history links for students of 19th century latin american history    

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This page has links to the general history of latin America before 1900. It also serves as a portal for the more detailed individual casahistoria pages on latin America. (Click here for links after 1900.)
 
  
    
  1. Independence from Spain
Independence Leaders
  2. 19th century General
  3. Political Development of Individual
         Countries
  4. Military conflicts
Triple Alliance War  | (Guano) War | Pacific War
  5. UK & US Involvement
  6. Africans in Latin America
  7. General Latin American links
 
 
 
Other core casahistoria Latin America pages:
 
  20th century Latin America
  20th century Military Regimes
  The US & Latin America
  Catholic Mission & Settlement
  
  Related casahistoria sites
 
Argentina · Bolivia · Brazil · Chile · Cuba · Mexico · Paraguay · Peru · Uruguay ·

 

 

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casahistoria is recommended by many sites including:
   

 
 

 

 


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For extensive links to the history of Spanish America go to the casahistoria Catholic Missions site







   

  



1. Independence from Spain
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For details of individual independence struggles, click on a country to go to the relevant casahistoria page:



Independence Leaders

     Francisco de Miranda    Simon Bolivar
  • Bolívar's War excellent overview of the many complex campaigns of Simón Bolívar. Keep this bookmarked as you look at the intricacies of the wars....
  • Simón Bolívar Useful history by Allen Wells
  • Simon Bolivar, El Libertador About com article of 3 sides, well linked to introductory articles on the other liberators by Bonnie Hamre.
  • Pages of Glory, The Southamerican Washington Online book by Daniel A Del Río. The Historical Text Archive.
  • The Simon Bolivar Virtual library good resource for Bolivar's ideas & writing. Also in Spanish
  • The Political Thought of Bolivar Brief introduction by G E Fitzgerald.
  • Letter from Jamaica In 1815, sheltering in the British colony of Jamaica Bolivar wrote this letter in which he outlined his vision for a unified and independent Latin America.
  • Message to the Congress of Angostura, 1819 Bolivar's famous  address distinguishing the Venezuelan character from the North American one, with its "weak and complicated system" of government, and emphasizing the Venezuelan revolutionaries' extraordinary and complicated position ("We are not Europeans; we are not Indians"), advocated a parliamentary system based on the British model, with a hereditary senate.
  • Manuela Saenz: "Long maligned, Simon Bolivar's lover emerging as heroine". LA Times article from 1998 on the lover of Bolivar. §
   San Martin
San Martin For extensive links go to the casahistoria Argentina site.

   Bernardo O'Higgins Riquelme
Bernardo O'Higgins Riquelme For links go to the casahistoria Chile site.

   José Artigas
José Gervacio Artigas For extensive links go to the casahistoria Uruguay site



   Robert Harvey
Liberators


Sympathetic & comprehensive narrative of the latin American Wars of Independence. Gives a new appreciation & respect for the social values of Bolivar and San Martin especially. Unfortunately, all were unappreciated in the ensuing states that they fought for - in particular by the criolla landowning families who undermined their reforms thus creating the years of chaos that followed - very much to the present. A worthy reference on the period but too heavy on military details for the general reader and limited on recent Spanish language scholarship.
 






   


  


2. 19th century General  

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3. Political development of individual countries   
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Visit the following casahistoria individual country pages for links to the 19th century history of:






   






4. Military conflict

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  • The Shatterbelts of the Americas By Phil Kelly y Luisa Pérez An interesting article based on the shatterbelt concept: ie an area where Great Powers compete because they perceive a strong interest for doing so and because opportunities are present for gaining alliance footholds with states of the region. Shatterbelt discussed include: Amazonian,- Banda Oriental, Cuba, South Atlantic. From Historical Text Archive
  • Geopolitics of Paraguay: Pivotal Position within a Model of Geopolitics Examines the geopolitical position of Paraguay, fundamental to understanding its 19th century position. From Historical Text Archive
Triple Alliance war 1865-1866

Triple Alliance War For extensive links go to the casahistoria Paraguay site.

Peruvian - Spanish (Guano) War 1865-1866 Pacific War 1879-1884

Pacific War For extensive links go to the casahistoria Peru site.





   




 
 

5. UK & US Involvement  

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British Involvement in Latin America US Involvement in Latin America

  See casahistoria page: US & Latin America for extensive links to US involvement. 
  See casahistoria page: Mexican Wars with USA
  See casahistoria page: Spanish - Cuban - American War




   




 

6. Africans in Latin America

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  Afro Argentines See the casahistoria section on the emergence - and disappearance of a sizeable African community 
  Africans in Brazil See the casahistoria section on the long-lived continuation of African slavery in Brazil (abolished only in 1888) 




   



 


7. General Latin America History links

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Don’t forget!! See the individual casahistoria sites on the histories of: Argentina · Bolivia · Brazil · Chile · Cuba · Mexico · Paraguay · Peru · Uruguay · Malvinas/Falklands ·

and these core casahistoria latin American sites:

19th century Latin America
20th century Latin America
20th century Military Regimes
The US & Latin America
Catholic Mission & Settlement

 





   





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