Go to this casahistoria site for links to imperialism &
colonial settlement in a
For this section casahistoria is indebted to the articles &
powerpoint presentations of Robert H Jackson which give a unique and
vivid picture of Spanish & Portuguese settlements and missions
across the Americas, but especially in south America. This extensive
library can be found collectively on this page as well as in the
relevant individual casahistoria country pages.
Time Line for Colonial Latin America Basic introductory
timelines from R W Slatta, NY State Univ.
The Indians’ Discovery of Columbus Interesting detailed
account and teaching guide looking at the European "invasion"by
Christine Elmore. 1992 Yale-New Haven Teachers Institute
The Culture of Conquest in the Modern World Account and
teaching guide by Luis Recalde. 1992 Yale-New Haven Teachers
the Spoils: Portugal and Spain in South America Another very
useful guide from the 1992 Yale-New Haven Teachers Institute. A
key focus is on role of Jesuits. By Jeannette Gaffney
was Happening in East Asia Around 1600? Despite the title,
useful to students of the economics of Spanish America. By
examining the nature (and degree) of pre-industrial
globalisation, the essay shows how Europe developed a triangle
of trade between the south American colonies, Japan and China to
trade South American silver for silk which then served as the
basis (and financing) for Europe’s growing trade with the East.
By D Massarella.
Colonial Latin America. Detailed online book by Donald J.
Mabry, Professor of History, Mississippi State University, and
The Historical Text Archive. Based on his teaching experience of
the topic. Use the contents and search facilities to get the
most from this large resource.
Colonial Chile Useful page of basic articles on colonial
life from Chile's educational Icarito site.
Century Colonial Demography in the Americas Population
development in the Uruguay valleys compared with other
contemporary locations in the Americas. A presentation with
interesting graphical data. By R H Jackson. Powerpoint pdf file.
Late Colonial Latin America Dr. Kris Lang presents photos
of Late Colonial Latin America. Intended to accompany a series
of lectures, but of general value. Click on the thumbnails.
History of colonization in South America A very concise
outline only. Use this as a starter
Survival report on the indigenous peoples of latin America
today. See also:
- Portugal in
America, to 1600 Looks at Portuguese expansion and the
African connection. Straightforward account from the Frank E.
Smitha history sites.
Colonial World Visual introduction to the Portuguese Empire,
placing its S American expansion in a global context. See also
The Portuguese Colonial World Smaller version By R H
Jackson. Powerpoint pdf file.
A Rich Past and an Uncertain Future Jesuit and Enlightenment
in the Luso-American - A paper by Beatriz Helena Domingues
discussing "the influence of enlightenment ideas in Portugal and
Brazil through the discussion of the issue of Jesuit enterprise
in Brazil in the second half of the eighteenth century, in the
context of intellectual debates and political disputes in
Portugal and in Europe." Difficult academic essay.
- UNESCO World heritage Site information: Images, brief
outline, maps, details of current condition. Often with links to
other useful links - remember to look in any report pdf
indicated on the page. These have valuable background details.
The Missions as Colonisers
‘Christian Century’by Derek Massarella,
Professor of History, Faculty of Economics, Chuo University,
Tokyo. Academic article ultimately looking at the christian
missionary impulse and the treatment as well as response of
missionaries in (16th/17th century) Japan. However it argues
this in the context of theories expounded originally with
relation to the missions of the Americas. Interesting initial
section on the 16th century philosophical justification for
missionary imperialism that centred on the question of whether
the native (Americans) were or were not, natural slaves. If so,
then the Spanish had the right, and the obligation, to conquer
and convert them by force ...
Jesuit Missions in the Americas Textual introductions,
population data, original plans and present day images of Jesuit
Missions across the Americas - Bolivia, Peru as well as the
Misiones area - (and beyond). By R H Jackson. Powerpoint
Jesuit Missions (Reducciones) in South America Outline of
missions, Useful maps and a list of remaining missions. This
will help to give a foundation of knowledge to make the most of
The Jesuit Missions in South America. Another clear
overview. Also a good place to start
Churches in Northern Mexico and Paraguay R H Jackson
introduces this powerpoint with: "The missions, also known as
doctrinas or reducciones, were to become politically autonomous
indigenous communities, organized as Christian utopias. The new
towns were to be built on a grid plan with a central plaza in
the center of the town. The church was to be the dominant
structure in the towns. Although there were differences in the
mission programs in the various fringe regions of Spanish
America, there were also many similarities, and the mission
program followed a basic blueprint." By R H Jackson.
Powerpoint pdf file.
on the Fringes of Spanish America: A Comparison This
is a compendium of the materials from most of R H Jacksons
presentations on the Spanish, Portuguese and Jesuits. A large
download, but a mass of visual evidence. Brief textual
introductions place the developments in a context, then they are
presented by geographical area. North America first, then South
America (page 76) By R H Jackson. Powerpoint pdf file
images of missions. What they look like today. RH Jackson
God's Name Limited but useful images form a selection of
(North east Argentina, Paraguay, Uruguay, southern Brazil)
The Jesuit Missions History good place to start for a
general overview of the purpose and role of the Jesuit missions
despite being provided as tourist background information. much
better than most usual "guides"
Sete Povos: The Trans-Uruguay Missions Excellent illustrated
powerpoint type survey of the Jesuit Missions as they were (from
contemporary drawings, and how they are today). Good statistical
data. By R H Jackson. Powerpoint pdf file.
The Guarani under Spanish Rule in the Rio de la Plata Useful
review of book The Guarani under Spanish Rule in the Rio
de la Plata by Barbara Ganson which gives a clear, concise,
overview of the historical situation. Published in
Journal of Social History, Winter, 2004 & written by
Jerry W. Cooney
Missions in the Lowlands Regions of South America Thorough
visual and graphical presentation of the Jesuit missions of the
Uruguay/ Brazil/ Argentina/ Paraguay region. Very clear. By R H
Jackson. Powerpoint pdf file
Jesuit Missions of Paraguay, Argentina, and Brazil
Plans, pictures, population data, brief textual outlines. Very
thorough, set out by modern country. By R H Jackson.
Powerpoint pdf file.
Jesuits Missions (Reducciones) in Paraguay, Bolivia, Argentina,
Brazil Mainly outline but give an overview. See also
From Marco Ramerini's Dutch & Portuguese Colonialism site
- Mission Frontiers in the Rio de la
Plata and Northern Mexico Essay by RH Jackson. This essay
compares patterns of development in missions in the Rio de la
Plata region established and managed by the Jesuits between 1607
and 1767, and the Baja California missions initiated in 1697 and
also run by Jesuits, until the expulsion of the order in
1767/1768 from the Spanish dominions. A major theme of this
essay is a comparison of missions established by the Jesuits in
two regions with very distinct environments, in order to see
what modifications the Black Robes had to make to the general
blueprint for the mission program that envisioned the creation
of communities of sedentary farmers and artisans who would pay
taxes to the Crown and provide labour for Spanish enterprises.
It also compares and contrasts patterns of development of
missions on two frontiers.
- Colonial Demography in the
Americas: Case Studies from the Fringes of Empire RH Jackson
This essay uses sacramental registers and censuses to document
the process of demographic change among populations living in
missions in two parts of Spanish America, the northern frontier
of New Spain (colonial Mexico) and greater Paraguay (parts of
modern Paraguay, Argentina, and Brazil) in the Rio de la Plata
region of South America.
Arcadia, A: being some account of the Jesuits in Paraguay
1607-1767 the 1900 account by R.B. Cunninghame Graham
published as an Etext by the Project Gutenberg.
4. Mission settlements:
Senora de Loreto Mission Survey of the Loreto Mission in
modern day Argentina. R H Jackson introduces this powerpoint
with: "Jose Cataldino and Simon Masseta established Loreto in
1610 in Guaira, in what today is Brazil. Attacks by the
Bandeirantes forced the relocation of the mission in 1631 to a
site on the Rio Yabebiri. The Jesuits relocated the mission to
its current site in 1686 near the Parana River." Powerpoint pdf
file, illustrated with contemporary pictures, modern images and
Santa Ana Jesuit Mission R H Jackson introduces this
powerpoint with: "The Jesuits established Santa Ana during the
first expansion after 1607 in the Tape region (modern Rio Grande
do Sul) in 1633. Following raids they relocated .... and moved
the mission to its final site near the Parana River in modern
Argentina in 1690." Illustrated with contemporary pictures,
modern images and data. Powerpoint presentation but does not
require a Reader.
San Nicolas Mission (Brazil & Argentina) San Nicolas mission
west of the Uruguay River, in what today is Misiones, Argentina.
Thorough visual and graphical presentation. Very clear. By R H
Jackson. Powerpoint pdf.
San Lorenzo Martir (Sao Lourenco Martir): Jesuit Mission to the
Guarani This is the mission background to the film "The
Mission". RH Jackson Powerpoint pdf. .
San Luis Gonzaga and Santo Angel Custodio Missions Brief
textual background. plans, maps images, data. Powerpoint.
Does not require a Reader.
Photos and history of San Ignacio Mini reducción jesuítica
(Jesuitic reduction), Misiones, Argentina Mainly outline but
give an overview. From Marco Ramerini's Dutch & Portuguese
Spanish Missions in the Lowlands Regions of South America
Recent RH Jackson powerpoint but includes new sections such as
Mission settlements: Brazil, Uruguay & Paraguay
Sao Lourenco Martir Sao Lourenco Martir Jesuit Mission to the
Guarani Survey of the San Lorenzo Mission in modern day
Argentina. R H Jackson introduces this powerpoint with: " In the
1680s, the Jesuits returned to the territory east of the Uruguay
River, and eventually moved/established seven missions in the
region. Two, San Juan Bautista and San Lorenzo, were established
with Guarani populations from existing missions. The Portuguese
establishment of Colonia do Sacramento near Buenos Aires in the
Banda Oriente prompted the return to the disputed borderlands".
Illustrated with contemporary pictures, modern images and data.
Pdf file Click for an even
- San Lorenzo Martir: A Jesuit
Mission in the Service of Spanish Policy Essay by R H
Jackson relating the Mission to the area around Colonia and
rivalry with the Portuguese.
- The Population of San Lorenzo
Martir Mission, 1690-1827 This RH Jackson essay examines the
evolution of the population of San Lorenzo Martir mission,
established at a site east of the Uruguay River in 1690, and the
consequences of the Guarani living on the mission of a series of
mortality crises in the Jesuit missions of Paraguay between 1730
and 1740 that is well documented in contemporary censuses
San Miguel Mission to the Guarani By R H Jackson. Thorough
visual and graphical presentation. Very clear. Powerpoint pdf
Population of the Jesuit Missions of Paraguay Graphical
presentation of the population of the Paraguay Missions. very
clear and thorough. By R H Jackson. Powerpoint presentation but
does not require a Reader. Massive so takes a little time to
- A Survey of Demographic Patterns in
the Jesuit Missions of Paraguay Article by RH Jackson. well
documented with researched data.
- Mortality Crises in the Jesuit
Missions of Paraguay, 1730-1740 RH Jackson This essay
examines a series of mortality crises in the Jesuit missions of
Paraguay between 1730 and 1740 that is well documented in
contemporary documents. Three epidemics spread through the
missions in 1733, 1735-1736, and 1738-1740.
Jesus de Tavarangue: Jesuit Missions in Paraguay Paraguay
Jesuit Mission established 1685 with population from another
older mission. Population data, images of mission today.
By R H Jackson. Powerpoint presentation
San Cosme y Damian Mission (click to download a fuller
San Cosme y Damian. Pictures, ground plans, brief text.
San Miguel Mission to the Guarani RH Jackson. Powerpoint
San Juan Bautista: Jesuit Mission to the Guarani R H Jackson
introduces this powerpoint with: "The Jesuits expanded their
mission frontier in the Rio de la Plata region by moving
existing missions to sites east of the Uruguay River, and by
establishing new missions. In order to facilitate the rapid
development of the new missions, the Jesuits relocated thousands
of Guarani from existing missions. In 1697, the Jesuits
established San Juan Bautista with (Guarani) transferred from
San Miguel." Brief historical outline of the Paraguay
mission. Population data, images of mission today.
6. Mission settlements:
Bolivia & Peru
Santa Catalina Convent, Arequipa Established in the 16th
century, Santa Catalina convent is perhaps the largest such
institution in the world. It was a haven for daughters of the
local elite, who lived a pampered if isolated life. (Beautiful)
images of the convent. Illustrated with contemporary pictures,
modern images and data. By R H Jackson. Powerpoint pdf
7. New Spain
(present day Mexico & southern USA)
Mexico Please see the extensive casahistoria site for
links to early Spanish mission settlement in Mexico and
A full updated list of R H Jackson's work can be found
the casahistoria core latin American sites:
19th century Latin
20th century Latin America
20th century Military
The US & Latin America
Catholic Mission & Settlement
Individual Country sites:
· Brazil ·