place these links in a global context at the time go to the
Genealogy has led to an explosion in sites as immigrant
descendants - especially ex European - seek to discover their roots.
The purpose of this site is not to be a guide to genealogical
research, but to link to sites that help explain the process and
significance of European immigration in the industrial period in its
broad historical context.
Immigration and emigration
Concise, global overview from Lloyds Register, London
Primer on Emigration, Immigration and Associated Subjects
general overview of the process and an introduction to the
language of immigration. By the Polish Genealogical Society of
Stalkers guide to international migration Clear
overview of the theory, history and implications of migration
Promise of America Norwegian site, it focuses simply
and clearly on the key issues facing the European immigrant to
the Americas. A good introduction.
Origins and the Journey Many good links to the
entire emigration/settlement process. US and Canada focus, but
good resources for topic including census data, links to many
emigrant handbooks and witness accounts. Produced by by Carolyn
Bierworth in Ontario as an education resource. This is the
Wayback link as the original site has been (unfortunately)
Emigration from Europe, 1815-1930 Google book version
with limited page viewing rights. Nonetheless you may find what
you are looking for. this takes you to the index. By
Dudley Baines, Economic History Society.
Immigration Clear, detailed site looks at immigration
to Brazil (bottom of page has links to essays on seperate
European countries of origins) §
TheShipsList Set up for research into family history,
but contains many valuable documents on the period for general
Diaries & Journals |
Immigration Reports |
Illustrated London News Items The Trivia
section is also interesting (including one passage across
Panama In 1849)
U.S.Immigration Collection From
Ancestry.com Ship passenger lists, naturalization records, ship
photos and more - but you do have to pay! (Although you can get
a free trial period if you know exactly what you want....)
Stalkers Guide to Migration Basic, but clear brief sections
on the economics of emigration.
History of International migration 1800-1914
Very good place to start your studies. Clearly set out lecture
notes by Marlou Schrover, Univ of Leiden. Use the tabs for links
to notes on the other periods are:
Refugees and Asylum seekers). Sections on:
2. Reasons for emigration
Synthesis: Push/Pull factors
Stalkers Guide to Migration Basic, but clear brief
ections on the economics of emigration.
Emigration From Ireland - Vice Or Virtue? looks
at the economic significance of emigration (an economics
essay...) by Patricia Broderick by Junior Sophister
- Why emigrate? Uses emigrants from eastern Europe as the
example to highlight some of the key reasons why in a brief way.
Source: Auswanderungen aus Baden und dem Breisgau. By Werner
The Economics of Mass Migrations - a useful research
primer by Jeffrey G. Williamson, NBER Research Associate in the
Program on Development of the American Economy and is the Laird
Bell Professor of Economics at Harvard. His "Profile" appears
later in this issue. The mass migrations that ended early in
this century raise four fundamental questions: What explains
them? How did they affect labour markets? Did their impact
create a policy backlash? Does the experience offer lessons for
Migrations in the Poor Periphery looks at the
economic consequences of 19th century migration. You may need an
economics qualification to follow some of the equations... by J
departure & crossing
Ports of Departure
The Emigrants handbook What you would have needed to
know if you were considering emigrating one hundred years ago.
Read ‘The Emigrants Handbook published in 1864, for prospective
emigrants to Canada.
Colonization Loan Society Emigration Scheme - 1851. The
interesting and novel site exhibits an example of an emigration
scheme, was taken from the Belfast Gazette,1851. It is an
example of one of the many schemes that were made available to
encourage emigration - in this case to the fledgling colony of
Port Phillip, Australia
Ports of Departure a list of links to European emigrant
ports, shipping lists. From the researcher site,
Cyndi's List. Very comprehensive with links to other
aspects of the (US) immigrant story.
Purfürst Migration Patterns A family history but useful as
it looks at the different routes open to US bound emigrants from
central & eastern Europe and describes entire journeys.
Germany Emigration and Immigration Very useful (free)
research page from FamilySearch. apart from indicating where
to look for records it also gives an excellent
description/history of emigration through the main German
Bremerhaven A very useful site from the German
Emigrant Centre. Useful statistics, illustrations, concise
account of the uses and difficulties of using the remaining
- Die MAUS -
Family History and Genealogical Society of Bremen
Passenger Lists and much more in a searchable database of
emigrants & ships who passed through Bremen. Includes
a listing by village of origin.
Migration from Northern Europe to America via the Port of
Hull, 1848-1914 Article describing how the north of
England port played a key role in Scandinavian emigration.
By Nicholas J. Evans
Transmigration via British Ports
about the many emigrants that did not depart directly from
their homelands to the Americas or Australasia. Instead,
they would first take a smaller steamer, referred to as a
"Feeder ship" to a British port, then by train to larger
emigration ports such as Liverpool, Glasgow or London, to
embark on a transatlantic steamship.
Ellis Island History The National Park Service
- Everything you ever wanted to know about Ellis Island.
Ellis Island (official site) - The official
site of Ellis Island gives a brief introduction to the museum
near the Statue of Liberty in New York Harbor.
Ellis Island - This online exhibit allows you to experience
Ellis Island as one of the over 12 million people who landed
here. The site contains audio and video clips.
Use these casahistoria sites to find out more about emigration to
4. The Emigrants
Emigrants Go to this casahistoria site for links to the
specific history of emigration from each of the following
areas in Europe:
- Gt Britain & Ireland
- Northern Europe
- Western Europe
- Eastern Europe & Jewish Diaspora
- Southern Europe
Ships and Journeys
Disease and Immigration Concise outline of
illness during the voyage and documents from Spartacus
Ships. actually a site selling images of emigrant
ships but useful if you are looking for a particular one or want
to see what they looked like. Massive range no need to buy.
Section of the emigrant ship 'Bourneuf'
of the emigrant ship 'Bourneuf' showing the arrangement of
passengers to Australia.
Immigration to the United States UK Spartacus
site. Numerous, well set out witness accounts of European
immigration to the north from the UK spartacus site. accounts
well placed in context.
Letters from an Immigrant
- Bertha Starke Geerdts
came to Milwaukee from Germany 100 years ago. Although she was
happy in her new land, she never forgot her ties to her family,
and she wrote letters faithfully. This collection of her
correspondence in both German and English covers a span of time
from 1890 through 1911 and offers striking glimpses into the
ties that bind. The site also provides links to her family.
New Americans: Immigration, America's Story - New
Immigrants' personal stories rom the PBS site
Tracing Mormon Pioneers-Emigration Resources by
Region/Country The Mormon Church of Latter Day Saints
puts much time into researching family background. Their
resources for the period of European immigration are invaluable.
Route from Liverpool to Great Salt Lake Valley:
Facsimile of the 1855 published book, illustrated
with steel engravings and wood cuts from sketches made by
Frederick Piercy. Route from Liverpool ranks as the most
beautiful book published by Latter Day Saints. Many of its steel
engravings still have high artistic merit. Although it is now a
rare book, its illustrations still find their way into many
books written on Mormon history. Opens as pdf
6. Research your family emigrant
Tracing Family links
with British India
India Office Records: Family History Sources British
Library guide for family historians on how to use the available
sources working from a variety of starting points such as occupational
descriptions or types of documents (wills, pensions or ecclesiastical
records for example).
Genealogy Links Excellent and very thorough site for those seeking
to research settlement in India
Family Histories - Family
History in India Cathy Day's
excellent Resource. Essentially information regarding British, European and
Anglo-Indian family history in India, Burma, Pakistan and Bangladesh.
However very good for research into specifics such as occupations, army
regiments, life in general
- Families in British India Society Organization devoted to
members with an interest in researching their ancestors of British and
European origin in India and Southern Asia.
the core casahistoria european emigration sites: