british imperialism: links to the 19th & 20th century british empire and imperial influence   

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1. Growth of the British Empire
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Imperialism Go to the casahistoria imperialism home site  for sections on the Theory & Practice of imperialism; Continental European Imperialism; The European experience in Africa; Gunboat Diplomacy.

 

Case studies (for original documents)
1. N America
2. Africa
3. India
4. Australia

Background information
1. N America
2. Africa
3. India
4. Australia

  • Rewriting the history of the British Empire by Keith Windschuttle who provides in this review article a thorough overview of the imperial period and its demise.
  • This Sceptred Isle: Empire - A 90-part history of the British Empire, by Christopher Lee.  The audio podcasts are no longer available but the remaining web site to accompany the series includes many interactive maps and timelines as well as bios and images of key players.

The impact of the Slave Trade

  • Slave-related trade & Profit margins. Two articles from the BBC's Abolition of the Slave Trade site that show how the Slave trade helped to provide the money to pay for Britain's early industrialisation as well as its first key overseas markets.

Slavery For extensive links to the British involvement in the Slave Trade from Africa go to the young casahistoria Slavery site.

 

 



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2. Living in the Empire

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Case studies (for original documents)
1. The British view
2. Australia
3. Africa
4. India
5. North America
6. Migration

Background information
1. The British view
2. Australia
3. Africa
4. India
5. North America
6. Migration


  • Colonial & Empire Also from the UK National Archive. Excellent selection of images, posters, adverts, photos, documents from the imperial period
  • Empire Women BBC item about the  British Empire and Commonwealth Museum which has recorded the memories of nearly a thousand people who lived and worked across the Empire, including hundreds of British women. Many had no idea what to expect, like Elizabeth Christie, who arrived in Bengal as a young bride in 1934. Others like Phyllis Tanner and her daughter Jill found themselves separated when their children were sent home to be educated. Isobel Eaton talked to museum historian Dr Katherine Prior and listened to the stories in the archive. Begins with Susan de Hevingham Baekland, who in the nineteen forties became the first female political officer in Aden where she earned the name by which she would be known throughout her remarkable career.
Imperial Miscellany.
  • British Imperialistic Anthems Textual reprints and Real Audio selections of famous British anthems that explicitly or implicitly promote the righteousness and necessity of British imperial power.
  • The British Empire in Maps From Stephen Luscombe's excellent British Empire Site. Shows the expansion of the Empire very clearly in a series of geographical maps. For a simple chronological expansion overview, click here.
  • Imperial Airways An interesting, and imaginative look at how the Empire was held together by the Airline in the early 20th century. (The route through cigarette cards is especially worthwhile!)
  • How Britain Denies its Holocausts - Why Do So Few People Know About The Atrocities Of Empire? By George Monbiot; 2005 Review article of three recent books - Britain's Gulag by Caroline Elkins, Histories of the Hanged by David Anderson and Web of Deceit by Mark Curtis that highlight the negative aspects of British imperialism

The Sugar Barons - a casahistoria **** recommended book. Click here for our review

 

 

  Decolonisation. Click to go to the casahistoria site.
 





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3. Britain: territories & regions of influence

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Click on one of the casahistoria sites below to go to one of our pages on the British Empire:

 

  Africa: The European experience in Africa
  Australia:  Case Study: Australia go to the casahistoria site 
  British India:  See Section 4 below: British India  
  China:  Impact of the West go to the casahistoria site 
  Falklands/Malvinas:  Malvinas/Falklands go to the casahistoria site 
  Ireland:  Ireland and the British these casahistoria pages include: Plantation, Control, Rebellion & Famine;  Home Rule, Easter Rising & Partition; The Troubles in the North, 1921-1998
  Latin America:  British involvement in Latin America - the casahistoria site 
  Middle East   Mesopotamia/Iraq go to the casahistoria site. Sections on:
19th c: Ottoman collapse; British Mandate, 1918-32; British invasion, WW2; The Oil factor; British-US rivalry, & cooperation 1918-73; Independence & continued intervention; Iraq, Hussein, the West & War (links to a separate page).
Palestine Mandate go to the casahistoria site. Sections on:
 
World War 1, Palestine & Origins of Mandate; The Palestine Mandate; Living under the Mandate; The British in Palestine; The End of the Mandate; Zionism; Jewish immigration; Land Question; Zionist resistance to British & growing violence; Failure of the Mandate; Documents & Key Resources
 
 
       South East Asia

       Emigration to the Empire and beyond

Emigration For extensive links to the history of emigration during this period go to the casahistoria subsite. Also includes specific sites on immigration to: USA,   Argentina and Australia





  Decolonisation. Click to go to the casahistoria site.



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4. British India

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Documents

  • The Western Intrusion Documents from the  Internet Indian History Sourcebook
  • The Story of the (Malakand) Guides by Colonel G. J. Younghusband. The Gutenberg edition of the 1908 military history of the British on the north west frontier in the 19th century.
  • British Voices from South Asia Very useful witness accounts placed in a well supported and visual context. This site reproduces an exhibition which was held in Louisiana State University in 1996. The materials presented here focus on British India as a colonial subculture and on some of the cultural implications of the British-Indian connection
  • Family Histories - Family History in India / Families in British India Society  UK based society devoted to India and surrounding areas. This site now includes Cathy Day's work previously on her own website. Excellent Resource. Essentially information regarding British, European and Anglo-Indian family history in India, Burma, Pakistan and Bangladesh. However very good for research into specifics such as occupations, army regiments, life in general
Images Early involvement The 1857 Indian Mutiny      The Raj
  • British India Well supported and set out site from the Indian Manas site. Use the many links to find the aspect of British India you need.

       Society

  • British Education in India An analysis of how the British Education system influenced views of India in Britain and Europe, and how it was designed to further British aims in the subcontinent. Article from South Asian History    §
  • The British Women in the Empire: Obsession with Suttee Chapter 5 of the Victorian Suicide: Mad Crimes and Sad Histories, by Barbara T. Gates, University of Delaware, 1988.
  • Anglo-Indians' Contributions to Indian Railways by V Anand, GM Southern Railway. Good, personal experience based, 2003 article.
  • The Magic Mountains: Hill Stations and the British Raj In this engaging and meticulously researched study, Dane Kennedy explores the development and history of the hill stations of the raj. (University of California Press, 1996)
  • Peasants and Monks in British India William R. Pinch tackles one of the most important but most neglected fields of the colonial history of India: the relation between monasticism and caste. The highly original inquiry yields rich insights into the central structure and dynamics of Hindu society. (University of California Press, 1996)
  • Colonial Place Names in the Subcontinent by Ajai Banerjee. Brief but useful 2006 article from Indian Railways Fan Club.
  • At the Heart of the Empire: Indians and the Colonial Encounter in Late-Victorian Britain This is the reverse - colonial Indians in Victorian Britain! Antoinette Burton focuses on the experiences of three Victorian travelers in Britain to illustrate how "Englishness" was made and remade in relation to imperialism. The accounts left by these three sojourners - all prominent, educated Indians - represent complex, critical ethnographies of "native" metropolitan society and offer revealing glimpses of what it was like to be a colonial subject in fin-de-siècle Britain. University of California Press, 1998
Ornamentalism - a casahistoria *** recommended book. Click here for our review

       Army

  • Sahib, the British Soldier in India, 1750 - 1914 Podcast of well known military historian Professor Richard Holmes examining Indian soldiering in peace and war. He addresses the experience of ordinary soldiers, why they joined up, how they got to India and what they made of it when they arrived
  • The army history forgot Detailed article by the respected BBC India correspondent, Mark Tully, on the role of the Indian soldiers who fought in the British Army. Despite being hampered by antiquated equipment and Winston Churchill's prejudice, they helped inflict a crushing defeat on the Japanese.

       Industry

  • Indian railways: Early Days. Excellent, well produced and extensive resource from the Indian Railways Fan Club. Descriptions, detailed chronology, documents, maps, images and a vast number of articles, many on aspects of Indian railway history.
  • Jute mills in British India. Useful site into the economic value of India includes maps, photos and records of output. From Dundee University.
  • The Jute Wallahs Online Exhibition from Dundee University. Focus is on the Jute industry where so many Dundee managers went out to work. Good visuals and primary resources of all aspects of the Indian workforce, the industry and the British. See also the linked Dundee and India: Roots, Rivalry and Interdependence 2005 lecture by Professor Christopher Whatle.
       Legacy
  • The Colonial Legacy - Some Myths and Popular Beliefs Literacy in British India in 1911 was only 6% in 1931 it was 8%, and by 1947 it had crawled to 11%. The 1931 census revealed 74 per cent of Bombay's population lived in one-room tenements - with one-third living more than 5 to a room. After the Second World War, 13 per cent of Bombay's population slept on the streets. 10-15 tenements typically shared one water tap. Life expectancy in India had fallen to 23 in 1931! In the 50 years prior to independence, the Indian economy experienced zero growth. Committed article from South Asian History

Tracing Family links with British India

  • India Office Records: Family History Sources British Library guide for family historians on how to use the available sources working from a variety of starting points such as occupational descriptions or types of documents (wills, pensions or ecclesiastical records for example).
  • India Genealogy Links Excellent and very thorough site for those seeking to research settlement in India
  • Family Histories - Family History in India Cathy Day's excellent Resource. Essentially information regarding British, European and Anglo-Indian family history in India, Burma, Pakistan and Bangladesh. However very good for research into specifics such as occupations, army regiments, life in general    §
  • Families in British India Society Organization devoted to members with an interest in researching their ancestors of British and European origin in India and Southern Asia.

 

  

  Decolonisation. Click to go to the casahistoria site.
 

  




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5. General  sites for information on the British Empire
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  • The British Empire (by Stephen Luscombe). Excellent, huge site looking at all aspects of imperial conqest and life in a basic, but colourful way. Good index makes use very easy.
  • The British Empire - An Internet Gateway  (by Dr Jane Samson) A  useful set of links and guide to Imperial resources. A good launching pad for serious academic work on the British Empire.
  • British Empire & Commonwealth Museum  Excellent site with changing online exhibitions. Their main web resource is the vast library of photos. Soon to come: digital oral accounts of Empire life.
  • British Library Links to British Empire history resources. Shamefully, the accessible links are now to the learning site only. Try and find a key section on Empire in the main listings....
  • British National Archive site on the British Empire. There are a select number of relevant links at the foot of each background page. Designed for schools and colleges, but have good access to visual documents and basic outlines.
  
   

 

The Command of the Ocean - a casahistoria ***** recommended book. Click here for our review

 



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the casahistoria imperialism core sites:
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  Imperialism home
  British Imperialism
  USA & Japan, the latecomers
  The native experience   
  The anti colonialists 
  European Emigration 
  Decolonisation







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