emigration from europe to argentina: links to 19th & 20th century immigration  

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  Detail from "The Immigrants" by Rodolfo Campodónico   remembering






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casahistoria is recommended by many sites including:
   

 
 

 

 

1. General

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European Emigration To place these links in a global context go to the casahistoria home site on emigration from Europe.

 

Latin American immigration

 

Argentina
  • European Immigration. 1880 - 1914 English overview article from the National Immigration Museum, Argentina. Unfortunately links on the page to further official sites are inactive.  §
  • South American Immigration: Argentina by Wanda A. Velez of the Yale-New Haven Teachers Institute. A detailed, well documented and supported essay. Good data at the end.
  • Argentina Emigration and Immigration Very useful site offering contacts for searching family immigrants to Argentina. Includes an overview history of immigration to Argentina. Provided by The Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints and is one of the largest Argentina ancestry databases in the world. It is free to use and you are under no obligation nor do you have to be affiliated with the church to use the search database.
  • Búsqueda Del Arribo De Inmigrantes / Immigrant Arrival Search A searchable database of the original immigrant Books of Landing (now digitised) for the port of Buenos Aires.
  • Entry Procedures, Buenos Aires Good clear description of the development of the entry facilities in Buenos Aires's Ellis Island - the Hotel de Inmigrantes. From the RAWK Volga German site but most of the second part of the page is applicable to immigrants generally.
  • Passenger Entry Data 1821-60 Useful site based on data taken by volunteers from the official immigration records
  • Immigration to Argentina This is the Spanish wikipedia page which has much more data and detail on individual immigrant groups then the English version.
  • Religious Immigration to Argentina (1850-1950) Concise articles (all footnoted and sourced) on German, Belgian, Croatian, Slovenian, Spanish, French, Irish, Italian & Polish priests, monks and religious groups who came to Argentina.
  • Inmigración Range of photos showing the immigration reception process just before World War 1. Commentary in Spanish. (the ads seem to have taken over somewhat!!)
  • Día del Inmigrante (Immigrants day) Official site from the Ministerio de Educación de la Nación. This connects to the extensive (Spanish) link page
  • Cousins and Strangers: Spanish Immigrants in Buenos Aires, 1850–1930. By J C. Moya. Book review, but it provides a structural framework for looking at immigration to Argentina in the 19th & 20th centuries from Europe.   §
  • Migration of Ethnic Groups within Cordoba Province (Argentina) during Political Crises Following the Colonial Period by Sonia E. Colantonio & Vicente Fuster  Very area and time specific academic paper analyzes the composition and pattern of migration within Cordoba province during the period of the Argentinean wars of independence using information provided by the census of 1813.
  • Links to Communities in Argentina Links to the websites of the many different immigrant groups to Argentina. Wide range of links as you move down the page.
Contextual emigration/immigration sites




  

 

 

 

 


2. The Continental European immigrants

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  • European Case Studies Provided by Dickinson University PA, these are valuable personal stories, aural & video witness accounts of immigrants from continental Europe to Argentina.

East European
Dutch
  • A Paradise That Never Was: Dutch Immigrants in Argentina Interesting paper which describes Dutch immigration to Argentina during the final phase of the great European migration, and compares it with the Dutch movement to the United States. By Robert P. Swierenga, Research Professor, A.C. Van Raalte Institute, Michigan, USA
German Italian Jewish

Portuguese & Spanish
 
Catholic Missions in Latin America See this casahistoria site for the earliest Spanish involvement and settlement in Argentina

 

 


  

 

    

 

 

 

3. Immigrants from Great Britain & the British Empire

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Cornish Scots
  • Scots in Argentina Arnold Morrison's web site has two main purposes. Firstly, to provide an introduction to the story of the emigrants and to suggest ways in which to research their lives in the new country; and secondly, to give lists of Scots, drawn from various publications and from records held in Argentina and elsewhere.
Welsh Irish The Boers of South Africa British settlement of the Falklands/Malvinas Islands
The Falklands/Malvinas See background details of British settlement in this casahistoria page. Also read an account of an island visit in 2008 following a  visit by the editor.

 

 




  







4. African Argentines
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Technically not European immigrants, but originally transported to the region by the Europeans...




Afro-Argentines See the casahistoria 19th century Argentina page for details of Argentina's afro-argentine settlement.







  







5. Impact

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Political
  • National identity, nationhood and immigration in Argentina, 1810-1930 lengthy essay by Jeane DeLaney for the Stanford Humanities Electronic Review, 1997. The first part looks at nineteenth- century understandings of nationality in Argentina. Focusing on the thought of prominent intellectuals and political leaders, it examines how the view of Argentina as a political association meshed with Romantic notions of national character to shape the nation’s notoriously liberal immigration and naturalization policies. Section II traces the emergence of early twentieth-century cultural nationalism, looking at ways in which massive immigration and the waning interest in democratic ideals transformed traditional views of the immigrant. A final section extends the discussion of cultural nationalism’s political implications by looking at the ideas of the movement’s harshest critics: the leaders of the Argentine Socialist Party.
  • Why Not In Australia? Immigration and Economic Growth in the Age of Mass Migration. Argues that the Australian immigrant experience & effect was closer to that of Argentina than the other "white" immigrant lands such as USA, Canada. By Susan B. Carter and Richard Sutch, Department of Economics, University of California, Riverside
Economic Internal Expansion

Unlike in the other "white" immigrant states, mass immigration was not followed by internal expansion, rather in the case of Argentina, mass European immigration was used to consolidate the internal expansion and existing political structure that had already taken place. ie immigrants worked for service industries based in Buenos Aires or were employed by existing estanciero landowners. They did not form a new smallholding class as in the US and Australia... This has radical consequences for 20th century political stability. But that is another story.....
  • Patagonia's People: The Colonists Tourist site, but indicates how unsettled large tracts of the country remained. Limited exceptions: The Welsh  are covered. Versión en Español
  • The Political Origins of the Argentine Crisis This article indicates how the development of client-patron relationships firstly on the land, then in the early 20th century in the cities continued a caudillo structure of political development, despite mass immigration. By Mauricio Rojas Associate Professor in  Economic History at Lund University
  • Argentine Literature and the 'Conquest of the Desert', 1872-1896 A very academic article by Jens Andermann, Birkbeck College looking at the role of literature in representing the military conquest. If you persevere with the article it does show the literature as supporting military conquest rather than as indicating a new frontier for a new society. Interesting images.
Cultural
  • The British: End of Empire in the Slaughterhouse - Fábrica Colόn & Corned Beef Article about Fábrica Colόn, now Pueblo Liebig, the frigorífico across the river Uruguay from the Fray Bentos Anglo Corned beef factory. Good history of the plant and an outline of their position today. Pictures of Fray Bentos Anglo plant today. By Andrew Graham-Yooll, senior editor, Buenos Aires Herald.
  • The British in Argentina: End of Empire: la Forestal. Article on the rise and demise of the Forestal Land, Timber and Railways Company by  Andrew Graham-Yooll
  • Argentina from a British Point of View - notes on Argentine Life Gutenberg project. Very useful. This is the complete book, as edited & published in 1910 by CP Ogilvie. Tells the story in depth - estancia life, city life of the Anglo families, climate, entertainment, travel, life in the army. Well indexed and supported with photos, charts and figures. A real gem!
  • The Evolution of Bilingual Schools in Argentina Interesting look at the educational curiosity presented by the large numbers of bilingual schools in the country. Shows historical roots clearly within an academic framework (although less of an emphasis on looking critically at the evolution of the schools within the wider educational & social development of Argentina.) By Cristina Banfi & Raymond Day (2004). Google Book search version.
  • Links to Communities in Argentina Links to the websites of the many different immigrant communites in modern Argentina
War over Disputed Settlement: The Falklands/Malvinas war

The Falklands/Malvinas Go to this casahistoria site for links to the 1982 conflict over the British settlement of the islands and its consequences. Also read an account of an island visit in 2008 following a  visit by the editor.








  


 




6. Documents

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  • Gen Argentina Very useful for finding not just documents but also contact addresses in Argentina and records in the departure countries. (The index is in the form of the top images that unfortunately do not translate however. )
  • Voices from the Camps Oral interviews -mp3 files - (1987 & 2004) with Irish Argentines: Mrs. Casey of Duggan Town, Mrs. Mackay, Mrs. Sills II, Eduardo Coghlan, Hilda Sabato, Maria Elena Walsh, Edmundo Moore. From the Irish Argentine Historical Society
  • Greywall site on the Anglo community
  • El Museo del Inmigrante/National Museum of Immigration Has brief immigration outlines - in Spanish only. The english link takes you to details on how to complete present immigration details....


  





the core casahistoria european emigration sites:

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European Emigration Home Page:
The Emigrants: specific history of emigration from:
  • Gt Britain & Ireland | Northern Europe | Western Europe | Eastern Europe & Jewish Diaspora | Southern Europe

Case Study 1: USA & Canada
Case Study 2: Argentina
Case Study 3: Australia
 









  

 



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